This is the most common malocclusion.
Class Two is diagnosed when the overbite is severe, often known as a retrognathic. Class Three, on the other hand, is a severe underbite — when the lower teeth overlap the upper teeth. It's referred to as prognathic. Although some overbites are hereditary, others are caused by a malformed jaw. Jaws can actually grow unevenly under the pressure of certain habits when a child is young, resulting in an underdeveloped lower jaw or an overdeveloped upper jaw.
Habits formed during early childhood, for example — such as thumb-sucking, prolonged bottle-feeding or tongue-thrusting — can cause this overbite. And habits developed later in life, such as eraser head-chewing or nail-biting, can form an overbite as well. The most common treatment method for an overbite is orthodontics. After examining your mouth and jaw positioning, your orthodontist can determine the course of treatment that's most compatible with your or your child's misalignment.
The orthodontist will first x-ray the teeth and take impressions; this allows him to better understand the alignment of the upper and lower jaws. Dental braces are then the next step for the purposes of straightening teeth, but the form they take depends on how much correction is needed.
Using elastic bands or similar appliances, treatment can range from a year to two years or more. It's all based on the gravity of the overbite. There's no age limit on when an overbite can be treated, but it's easier to fix in younger children because their jaws haven't fully developed.
Severe overbites might necessitate a tooth extraction, enabling other teeth to move into place more easily; whereas other malocclusions require a surgical procedure to reposition the jaw. Bring your child or children to see an orthodontist during their elementary years to determine if orthodontics will be needed as a treatment in the future.
Nothing brings a smile to your face like, well, a nice smile.
If your teeth suffer from an overbite, talk to your dentist about overbite correction. Before you know it, you and your kids will be the ones with the smiles people notice. This article is intended to promote understanding of and knowledge about general oral health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Always seek the advice of your dentist or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment. Overview Braces, third molars, facial appearance and bad breath are just a few new things for your teenagers to worry about as they make the transition from childhood to adulthood. The best way for teens to enjoy a nice smile and healthy teeth is to continue the good oral habits started early in childhood. Many of these procedures are a normal part of life, while others are proactive steps dentists take to help ensure a lifetime of oral health.
The dentist also offers whitening treatment options that are done in the dental office and at home. All Rights Reserved. You are viewing the US English site. Search Search. Oral Care Center.
Overbite medically refers to the extent of vertical (superior-inferior) overlap of the maxillary central incisors over the mandibular central incisors, measured. When your overbite is too large, your doctor might tell you you have a deep bite. This can cause problems, from your teeth wearing down to pain in your jaw.1,2.
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It just comes down to your specific case, your orthodontist, and your preference. The first route is traditional metal braces, which involve brackets and wires that slowly realign your teeth.
The brackets are cemented to the teeth and connected by the wiring. This allows the orthodontist to make adjustments that will gradually shift the teeth.
These are tooth-colored, which are not nearly as noticeable as regular braces. Another less flashy option is invisible braces, like Invisalign. These are basically clear plastic retainer-type devices that fit over your teeth.
Self-ligating braces are another way to help correct an overbite. These are basically traditional braces but with no elastic or metal ties. Instead they use brackets or clips to help shift teeth the orthodontist would uses these clips to make adjustments.
And yet another option is getting lingual braces. Moreover, a deep overbite is usually associated with a short and round face. Most patients are not aware that the position of their teeth affects the shape of their face.
In fact, a bad bite malocclusion is one of the main causes of jaw pain, an aging face, excess tooth wear, and a short face characterized by small-looking lower jaws, thin lips, and a small chin appearance. An overbite can also distort your speech and affect other oral functions including chewing and clenching. Overbites are a hereditary problem that occurs naturally as your teeth erupt. However, some habits such as thumb sucking and tongue thrusting can contribute to the malocclusion because the thumb pushes the front upper teeth and bone forward.